Languages Of Togo – Official, Indigenous, and Others
Official language of Togo is French, which is also the country’s commercial language. Togo is a West African nation. Lomé, the country’s capital and major city and port, is located in the southwest of the country.
Until 1884, what is now Togo was a transitional zone between the Asante and Dahomey states, with its numerous ethnic groups living in relative seclusion. It became part of the German protectorate of Togoland in 1884, which was captured by British and French forces in 1914 language of Togo. The League of Nations gave eastern Togoland to France and the western half to the United Kingdom in 1922.
The territories were put under UN trusteeship by the British and French governments in 1946. (see Trusteeship Council). British Togoland was absorbed into the Gold Coast ten years later, whereas French Togoland became an independent republic inside the French Union. In 1960, Togo declared independence.
Togo’s Ethnic Groups and Religions
Togo’s ethnic groupings include language of Togo –
- Native Africans make about 99 percent of the population (these consist of 37 tribes, with the largest and most important beings Ewe, Mina, and Kabre),
- Less than 1% of the population is European or Syrian-Lebanese.
Togo’s religions include the following:
- Indigenous beliefs are held by 51% of people.
- Christians account for 29% of the population.
- Muslims account for 20% of the population.
Language of Togo
Togo’s official language is French, which is also the country’s commercial language of Togo. Two of the primary African languages spoken in the south are Mina and Ewe. It’s worth noting that the name Togo in Ewe means ‘water shore.’ Kabye (also known as Kabiye) and Dagomba are two prominent African languages spoken in the north. Another widely spoken African language is Watchi. Togo has a low English literacy rate.
Togo is a small country with a population of over 7 million people, yet its people speak roughly 40 different languages. The majority of these language of Togo are members of the Gur and Kwa families, which are themselves members of the Niger-Congo language family. A single language may have numerous names for a variety of reasons.
The French language became Togo’s official language after having such a large impact on the country’s history. This is the official language of trade and government, and it is widely spoken across the country.
The national language, French, is also known as Francais and is spoken by 67.8 million people globally language of Togo, including Togo’s neighbours who use it as their official language.
Some Togolese do not speak French as their first language.
Of course, there are many native French speakers in Togo, and around a third of the population speaks French as a second language. Because a major number of Togo’s indigenous languages are rarely used for writing, French is also the most frequent written language in the country.
Togo has had two official languages since 1975: Kabiye and Ewe, which are the most widely spoken among the country’s indigenous language of Togo. The Ewe language has over 800,000 native speakers (mostly in the south), and the Kabiye language has about 1 million native speakers (mostly in the north).
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Other Indigenous Languages of Togo
Togo has over 40 additional languages, the majority of which are Niger-Congo languages. Unfortunately, we don’t have much linguistic information on these languages, but we do know about how many people speak them.
Tem, Gen, Aja, Moba, Ntcham, Lama, Nawdm, Ifè, and Gourmanchéma are the most widely spoken indigenous language of Togo, with between 100,000 and 350,000 native speakers; on the other hand, the indigenous languages with the fewest native speakers are Tem, Gen, Aja, Moba, Ntcham, Lama, Nawdm, Ifè, and Gourmanchéma- These languages have between 1000 and 4000 native speakers: Biali, Adangbe, Wudu, Mbelime, and Kusaal.
Togo stretches northward for roughly 320 miles (515 kilometres) between Ghana to the west and Benin to the east, to its border with Burkina Faso in the north, from its 32-mile (51-kilometer) coastline on the Gulf of Guinea language of Togo.
Soils, drainage, and relief
Togo is divided into six geographical areas. The narrow coastal region’s low-lying, sandy beaches are backed by tidal flats and tiny lagoons, the greatest of which is Lake Togo. The Ouatchi Plateau, some 20 miles (32 kilometres) inland and at an elevation of 200 to 300 feet, is beyond the shore (60 to 90 metres). This is the location with the lateritic (reddish, leached, iron-bearing) soil known as terre de barre language of Togo.
A tableland lies northeast of the plateau, with altitudes ranging from 1,300 to 1,500 feet (400 to 460 metres). The Mono River and its tributaries, including the Ogou and several minor rivers, drain this area. The topography progressively rises west and southwest of the tableland into the Togo Mountains, also known as the Togo-Atakora Mountains, which extend across central Togo from south-southwest to north-northeast.
Mount Agou (Baumann Peak) is Togo’s highest peak, rising to around 3,235 feet (986 metres).
The Oti River sandstone plateau is located north of the Togo Mountains and language of Togo. The Oti River, one of the Volta’s primary tributaries, drains this savanna region. The cliffs of Dapaong (Dapango) are located in a higher area of granite and gneiss to the far northwest.
Togo’s climate is tropical. The rainy seasons in the south last from mid-April to mid-June and from mid-September to mid-October. The driest section is the narrow coastline zone, which gets around 35 inches (890 mm) of precipitation each year. The region around Palimé, approximately 65 miles (100 kilometres) inland, receives the most rainfall—roughly 70 inches (1,800 mm) each year.
The north has only one rainy season, from June to the end of September, when precipitation averages around 45 inches (1,150 mm); the rest of the year, the warm, dry harmattan (dust-laden wind) reigns supreme language of Togo.
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