An Overview of How to Utilise SHIMS in APP-V 5.0 (Standard Alone)
In certain Application Compatibility Toolkit/Remediation projects, SHIMS in APP-V 5.0are required to resolve compatibility concerns.
APP-V 5.0 is the latest version of the application.
Because SHIMS cannot be included with packages in App-V 5.0, they must be provided individually. The following is the procedure for utilizing shims in App-V packages:
- The procedure of building a shim for an App-V project differs from that of an MSI project.
- Due to the isolated nature of App-V packages, the shim deployment differs from that of MSISHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
- As a result, the shim must be installed locally on the client system.
- SDB files are used to create shims. Each (related) package should have its SDB file.
- Application ID> should be the name of the shim. sdb.
- In the root of the package folder (the same level as the packages like DeploymentConfig.xml, UserConfig.xml, Report.xml, AppV and.msi, etc.), a Shim’s folder holding the shim for the package should be given.
- You can include a message in the readme telling the customer to install the shim on client computers locallySHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
SHIMS in APP-V 5.0 Virtualized Applications: Creating and Managing
You may use the Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V) 5.0 sequencer to monitor and record the installation and setup process for an application that will be executed as a virtualized application when it has been correctly deployed.
Note See the [Microsoft Application Virtualization 5.0 Sequencing Guide] for additional information on setting the Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V) 5.0 sequencer, sequencing recommended practices and an example of developing and upgrading a virtual applicationSHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
- An application’s sequence
- The App-V 5.0 Sequencer may be used to complete the following tasks:
- Create virtual packages that can be installed on App-V 5.0 client machines.
- Existing packages should be upgraded. You can install an existing package on the sequencer’s computer and then update the program to generate a newer version.
- Edit information about an existing package’s setup. You can, for example, create a shortcut or change the file type associationSHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
- Note To enable roaming, you must build shortcuts and store them in a network place that is accessible. The package must be published locally to the machine executing the App-V 5.0 client if a shortcut is built and saved in a private place.
- Convert virtual packages that already exist.
During sequencing, the sequencer stores temporary files in the percent TMP percent Scratch or percent TEMP percent Scratch directory and the Temp directorySHIMS in APP-V 5.0. These folders should be configured with free disc space comparable to the projected program installation needs on the PC that executes the sequencer. Using multiple hard drive partitions to configure transient directories and the Temp directory can aid with sequencing performance.
- The files described below are produced when you use the sequencer to construct a new virtual application. The App-V 5.0 package is made up of these files.
- MSI (Microsoft Installer) The sequencer generates this Windows Installer (.msi) file, which is used to install the virtual package on target PCsSHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
- Report.xml is an XML file. The sequencer records any problems, warnings, and mistakes detected while sequencing in this file. After the package has been produced, it displays the information. This report can be used to diagnose and solve problems.
- .appv is an application programming interface (API) file. This is the file for the virtual application.
- Configuration file for deployment. The deployment configuration file specifies how the virtual program will be installed on target machines.
- Configuration file for the user. The virtual application’s behavior on target PCs is determined by the user configuration fileSHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
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Important The package converter’s percent TMP percent and percent TEMP percent folders must be configured as a secure location and directory. Only an administrator has access to a secure place. Additionally, you should store the package in a safe area or ensure that no other person is permitted to log in throughout the conversion and monitoring process when you sequence it.
The tabs in the Options dialogue box in the sequencer console are as followsSHIMS in APP-V 5.0:
- General. This option allows you to execute Microsoft Updates throughout the sequencing process. To set the sequence to add a version number to the virtualized package that is being sequenced, choose Append Package Version to Filename. Select To build virtualized packages using a package accelerator without being questioned for authorization, always trust the source of Package Accelerators.
- Important Package Accelerators made with App-V 4.6 are not compatible with App-V 5.0.
- Items should be parsedSHIMS in APP-V 5.0. This tab shows the corresponding file path locations in the virtual environment that will be parsed or tokenized into. Tokens are important when utilizing the Package Files tab in Advanced Editing to add files.
- Items that are not permitted. Select which folders and directories should not be watched throughout the sequencing process using this tab. To add local application data saved in the package’s Local App Data folder, select New and then choose the location and Mapping TypeSHIMS in APP-V 5.0. For certain packages, this option is needed.
Microsoft Windows Services apps are supported by App-V 5.0. If a Windows service is integrated into an application, the service will be included in the sequenced virtual package as long as it is deployed while the sequencer is monitoring it. If a virtual program produces a Windows service when it first starts, it must be launched again after installation while the sequencer is monitoring for the Windows Service to be included in the package.
Services that operate under the Local System account are the only ones that can be used. AutoStart or Delayed AutoStart services are initiated before the first virtual application in a package begins within the package’s Virtual EnvironmentSHIMS in APP-V 5.0.
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