Facts About the Afghanistan Language
Afghanistan is home to anything from 40 to 59 different languages. Dari and Pashto are the official and most generally spoken languages in Afghanistan, with 77 percent and 48 percent of the population speaking them, respectively. Dari, or Farsi, is the official name for the Persian dialect spoken in the country and is commonly used as a common language. Uzbeki (11 percent), English (6%), Turkmeni (3%), Urdu (3%), Pashai (1%), Nuristani (1%), Arabic (1%), and Balochi (1%), respectively, follow the two official languages (1 percent ).
TWB performed a survey of 65 community radio broadcasters in Afghanistan in 2020, representing a fourth of all community radio stations. The most common broadcasting languages, according to the report, are Dari and Pashto. Adverts, short audio clips, and sporadic language mixing in talk shows and call-in shows are the mainstays of broadcasts in foreign languages. Dedicated programs in another language that provide in-depth information are uncommon.
Pashto Facts: Interesting Facts
Is Pashto a language you’ve heard of?
Unfortunately, you’re not the only one who hasn’t. The majority of Americans are unaware of it, yet it is something we should be aware of. It’s the Pashtun language, which has been spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan for thousands of years. The following are five fascinating Pashto facts.
1) The Pashto language is one of Afghanistan’s two official languages.
Dari, which is related to Persian, is the other language. For millennia in Afghanistan, the two languages have coexisted. Pashto was once the primary language of the Pashtuns. The Afghan aristocracy, including the kings and governing class, spoke Dari.
Pashto became an essential emblem of Afghan identity during the 1920s and 1930s. As a result, members of the ruling elite started learning both languages. As a result, Pashto was proclaimed the official language of Afghanistan by King Zahir Shah in 1936.
Dari is vocalized by more than half of Afghans now, and the government widely employs it. However, while children’s education is offered in both languages, most universities only offer Dari courses.
2) Pashto speakers outnumber Dutch speakers by roughly two to one.
Pashto is expressed as a leading language by about 40 million people all over the world. In the meantime, just 22 million people speak Dutch as a native language.
The relative harmony among Dari and Pashto speakers is genuinely close.
As indicated by ongoing appraisals, about 50% of all Afghans talk some rendition of Dari, while more than 40% communicate in Pashto.
Dari — the main language of ethnic gatherings like the Tajiks, Hazaras, and Aimaqs — is by and large saw as the most widely used language in Afghanistan and has for some time been utilized for business and government exchanges. Pashto, then again, is the main language of the Pashtuns, who include Afghanistan’s biggest ethnic minority. It’s likewise fascinating to take note of that bilingualism and multilingualism are genuinely normal the nation over. For instance, numerous Pashtuns in metropolitan regions likewise speak Dari, while Dari-speaking Afghans with more significant levels of schooling frequently have a decent order of Pashto too.
Pashto is spoken by 25 million people in Pakistan, in addition to Afghans. Tajikistan has a small population that talks about the language. There are Pashto-speaking expat communities all over the world, of course.
3) The Arabic Naskh script is used to write Pashto.
Although Arabic and Pashto are linguistically distinct, you can mistake written Pashto for Arabic if you don’t speak either language because they employ nearly identical scripts. Because the languages are so dissimilar, Pashto utilizes a modified form of Naskh, with extra characters added to indicate sounds unique to Pashto but not to Arabic. It is why the Pashto script includes 44 letters instead of the conventional Arabic 28.
To accommodate the differing script, you may need to make some design adjustments while translating from English to Pashto. It’s also essential to use compatible typefaces. Display faults, on the other hand, can convert a good translation into gibberish.
4) Pashto dialects are divided into two or three groups.
Pashto dialects differ by geography, as they do with other languages. However, there are two to three main dialect groupings, depending on whatever source you consult:
- Pakistan’s Northern Pashto language.
- Afghanistan’s Southern Pashto language.
- Pakistan’s Central Pashto language. Some sources classify languages as “Northern” or “Southern.”
5) Oral literature has a long history in Pashto.
Longer poems and stories are part of this tradition. Landay’s are a type of short folk poetry written by women that depicts the struggles and tribulations of daily life for Afghan women. To the beat of a drum, they’re usually sung out loud. They’re difficult to translate, but Poetry Magazine has a fantastic selection online.
Afghanistan is home to around 30 different languages. Dari (Afghan Persian) and Pashto are the two primary languages (an eastern Iranian language). Dari and Pashto are Indo-European languages that are linked to the majority of European languages, including Swedish.
Afghanistan languages are Dari and Pashtu, both written in Arabic characters. Several national languages are also spoken. These are also local official languages in areas where a third national language, such as the Turkic languages Uzbek, Turkmen, or Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri, is spoken by the majority of the population in addition to the two official languages.
Children who are native speakers of these languages have the right to attend school in their native tongue in these places. However, legal rights and actual possibilities are not necessarily the same. There are also more frequently spoken dialects, such as Hazaragi, a Dari-related Persian dialect.
Is learning Pashto difficult
Why is learning Pashto so tricky? Both Afghanistan and Pakistan speak Pashto. It’s written in Perso-Arabic, a writing system based on the Arabic alphabet but comparable to it. The order in which nouns and verbs go depends on the tense.
Is Pashto a dialect of Farsi?
Dari and Farsi are not the same languages as Pashto. Dari is frequently learned by native Pashto speakers, while few Dari speakers have a decent command of Pashto. Although formal Farsi and Dari are relatively similar, distinctions in pronunciation and word usage are more noticeable when they are spoken informally.
What nations have Pashto as a native language?
Pashto is an Indo-Iranian language spoken in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran that belongs to the southeastern Iranian branch. Pashto is divided into three varieties: Northern Pashto (spoken primarily in Pakistan), Southern Pashto (spoken primarily in Afghanistan), and Central Pashto (spoken primarily in Pakistan).
What languages are connected to Pashto?
Pashto, often spelled Pashtu and Pakhtu, is an Indo-European language that belongs to the Iranian division of the Indo-Iranian group. Pashto has several traits with the Indo-Aryan group of Indo-European languages as a result of extensive borrowing.