languages in india
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Indian Languages

 Languages in India

What language is spoken in India? That is a greater inquiry than it shows up! India is home to extraordinary phonetic variety.

As an interpretation organization working with customers across the Indian Subcontinent, is all around used to changing one Asian language over to another.

What are the dialects in India?


Additionally called Boro, Bodo is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken primarily in Northeast India, Nepal and Bengal, just as in Assam and the Bodoland self-governing district.

The language has 1.4 million speakers and is composed utilizing the Devanagari content, which it has utilized since 1963. Before that, it utilized Latin and Assamese content, however a few researchers accept that it recently had its own content – Deodhai – which has been lost to the ways of the world.


With almost 2.6 million local speakers, Dogri is spoken fundamentally in the Jammu area of Jammu and Kashmir, just as in northern Punjab and in Himachal Pradesh. A few assortments of it are spoken.


The Indian territory of Gujarat is home to the Gujarati language, which has nearly 55 million local speakers. An Indo-European language, it isn’t just an authority language in Gujarat, yet in addition in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.


Hindi isn’t just the principle language in India, it’s additionally the fourth most generally utilized local language in the world. consistently gives Hindi interpretation administrations to customers both inside India and in nations hoping to work with those in India. Our Hindi restriction administrations are likewise searched out by those hoping to exchange beneficially with India.


The Kashmiri language has around 6.7 million speakers, a large portion of whom dwell in the Jammu and Kashmir region, where it is perceived as an authority territorial language. In the Kashmir Valley space of the area, Kashmiri has been an obligatory language to learn in schools up to auxiliary level since 2008.


Konkani is a language expressed along India’s western coast. It has around 2.2 million local speakers and is the authority language of the province of Goa, just as being a minority language in different regions (counting Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat and Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu).

Notwithstanding standard Konkani, the language has various vernaculars, some of which are just incompletely commonly understandable.


The Indo-Aryan Maithili language has around 13.5 million speakers in India, for the most part situated in the Bihar and Jharkhand states. Maithili is likewise the second most communicated in language in Nepal.


Generally spoken in Kerala, just as in Lakshadweep and Puducherry, Malayalam is spoken by around 2.8% of the absolute Indian populace, which likens to some 34.8 million speakers.

It is additionally broadly utilized in Gulf nations, because of critical quantities of Malayali expats taking the language with them.


Manipuri, otherwise called Meitei, is an apparent Sino-Tibetan language spoken generally in Northeastern India, in the Assam and Tripura states.

It has over 1.7 million local speakers and has been perceived in the Constitution of India since 1992. UNESCO has grouped it as a weak language.


An authority language of both Maharashtra and Goa in Western India, Marathi has nearly 83 million local speakers, making it the third most generally communicated in language in the country.

A language verbally expressed in India for above and beyond a thousand years, Marathi has the absolute most established artistic works of all Indian dialects still being used today.


Languages of India - Wikipedia

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), ] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast, bordering Pakistan on the west; [f] China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is close to Sri Lanka and the Maldives; Its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share the coast with Thailand, Myanmar and Indonesia.

Modern peoples came to the Indian subcontinent from Africa about 55,000 years ago.  Their long existence, initially by various means of distinguishing themselves as hunters, has made the region very diverse, following only Africa in genetic diversity. [28] Stable life emerged from the subcontinent on the west bank of the Indus River 9,000 years ago, gradually emerging in the Indus Valley Civilization of the third millennium BCE. [29] By 1200 BCE, the archaic Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had spread to India from the northwest, [] appearing as a Rigveda language, and recording the beginning of Hinduism in India. [32] The Indian Dragidian languages ​​of India were replaced by the northern and western parts.  By 400 BCE, segregation and excommunication had emerged among the religions of Hinduism, [34] and Buddhism and Jainism had sprung up, proclaiming unrelated social norms. [35] Early political consolidation created the combined powers of Maurya and the Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. [36] Their collective era was full of diversity, [37] but was also marked by a decline in the status of women, [38] and the inclusion of non-alignment in the formal order of religion. [G] [39] In South India, the east Asia. [40]

At the beginning of the Middle Ages, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism began to emerge along India’s south and west coasts. [41] Muslim forces from Central Asia passed slowly through the plains of northern India,  eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and pulling northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of Islamic medieval networks.  In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire introduced Hinduism into the Hindu religion that lasted a long time in southern India.  In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting established religion. [45] The Mughal Empire, in 1526, brought peace for two centuries,  leaving behind a legacy of magnificent buildings. it also strengthens its sovereignty. [ The British Empire began in 1858. Promises to Indians were gradually granted, but technological change began, and ideas for education, modernity, and public health flourished. 1] An influential and powerful nationalist pioneer movement emerged, marked by violence and became a major factor in ending British rule. [52] In 1947 the British Indian Empire was split into two independent states, the Indian Hindu Dominion and the Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, in the midst of a major loss of life and unprecedented migration.

India has been a state republic since 1950, governed by a democratic parliamentary system. It is a multiracial, multilingual and multiracial society. The population of India has grown from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011.  At the same time, per capita income increased from $ 64 per year to $ 1,498, with literacy rates from 16.6% to 74%. Since becoming a relatively poor country in 1951,  India has become a fast-growing major economy and information technology platform, with a growing middle class. ] It has a space program that includes a few planned or completed outdoor activities. Indian movies, music, and teachings play a significant role in global culture. [India has significantly reduced its level of poverty, albeit at the expense of increasing economic inequality. ] India is a nuclear weapons country, rich in military spending. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbors, Pakistan and China, which have not been resolved since the middle of the 20th century.  Among the social and economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, [ and rising levels of air pollution. ] India is a megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. ] Its forest covers 21.7% of its area. [ The wildlife of India, which has long been regarded as tolerant of Indian culture, ] is supported within these forests, and elsewhere, in protected areas.

The languages spoken in india

The languages ​​spoken in India belong to several language families, the largest Indo-Aryan languages ​​spoken by 78.05% Indians and the Dravidian languages ​​spoken by 19.64% Indians, both families together are sometimes known as Indic. languages. [Languages ​​spoken 2.31% of the population are Austroasiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai and a few other minority language families. [11]: 283 India has the fourth highest number of languages ​​in the world (447), after Nigeria (524), Indonesia (710) and Papua New Guinea (840). ] The Indian subcontinent is home to the third most widely spoken language in the world, Hindi-Urdu; the sixth most widely spoken language, Bengali; the most widely spoken thirteenth language, Punjabi; and the 17th most widely spoken language, Tamil.

Article 343 of the Indian Constitution states that the official language of the Union is Hindi in the Devanagari text, and the official use of English will continue for 15 years from 1947. Later, an amendment to the constitution, the Official Languages ​​Act, 1963, allowed for the continuation of English and Hindi in the Indian government until the law decided to change it. [2] The types of numbers to be used for official purposes of the Union are “the international type of Indian numerals”, [13] [14] so-called Arabic numerals in many English-speaking countries. [1] Despite misconceptions, Hindi is not the national language of India; The Constitution of India does not give any language the status of a national language.

Schedule Eight of the Constitution of India lists 22 languages, which have been dubbed organized languages ​​and given official recognition, status and official encouragement. In addition, the Government of India has provided a variation of the vernacular in Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Sanskrit, Tamil and Telugu. The status of the ancient language is given to languages ​​with a rich history and independent nature.


According to the Census of India of 2001, India has 122 major languages ​​and 1599 languages. However, figures from other sources vary, mainly due to differences in the meaning of the terms “language” and “dialect”. The 2001 census recorded 30 languages ​​spoken by more than a million indigenous peoples and 122 spoken by more than 10,000 people. ] Two languages ​​of communication have also played an important role in Indian history: Persian and English.  Persian was the official language of the Mughal period in India. It ruled as the dominant language for a few centuries until the British colonial period.  English continues to be the main language in India. It is used in higher education and in other areas of the Indian government. Hindi, with the largest number of native speakers of India today,  serves as the official language throughout North and Central India. However, there have been concerns raised that Hindi is located in South India, particularly in the Tamil Nadu and Karnataka provinces. Maharashtra, West Bengal, Assam, Punjab and other non-Hindi regions have also begun to express concern about Hindi.  Bengali is the second most widely spoken and understood language in the world with a large number of speakers in the east and northeast. Marathi is the third most widely spoken and understood language in the country with a large number of speakers in the South West regions.

Official languages ​​of India

op-ed | A perfect frame: Diversity in Indian languages - Telegraph India

In Colonial India, Hindi, English, and Urdu were the official languages. According to Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, India does not have a National Language as defined in the Constitution but has English and Hindi as official languages. On 26 January 1950, when the Constitution of India came into force, it proposed that English be allowed to favor Hindi for a period of 15 years. In 1964, the Government of India faced a dilemma with its plans to make Hindi the only official language of the country. Since that year, both Hindi and English have been used as official languages. According to the Official Languages ​​Act of 1963, other languages ​​may be used for official purposes of the Union of India, Central and Provincial Legislatures, Parliamentary business, and for a specific purpose in the High Courts.

The official languages ​​of India are listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. Sindhi language was added in 1967 by the 21st Amendment to the Indian Constitution, before which, there were 14 official regional languages. Subsequently the 71 amendments provided for the inclusion of Sindhi, Konkani, Meitei, and Nepali, thus increasing the number of official languages ​​of the Indian subcontinent to 18. Sections 351 and Article 344 (1) of the Constitution of India 2007, amend the eighth schedule to include the recognition of the following 22 languages ​​and to provide legal recognition, status, and legal recognition.

Provinces can legislate for their official languages, depending on their languages, and generally, the official languages ​​selected feature the most important and politically important languages ​​spoken in other provinces, such as Karnataka and Gujarat, with Kannada and Gujarati as their only official languages ​​respectively. Telangana has two languages, Telugu and Urdu, as its official languages, with a large Urdu-speaking population. Apart from this, some provinces use those languages ​​as their official language spoken by very few people, for example, Jammu and Kashmir use Urdu, spoken by less than 1% of the population of Jammu and Kashmir and Meghalaya by English, which speaks 0.02%.

List of Other Official Indian Languages

In addition to the unions and union districts, India has independent administrative districts that may be allowed to choose their own official language – for example the Bodoland Local Council in Assam has declared the Bodo language an official in the region, in addition. to Assamese and English already in use.

Hindi: Hindi, one of the most popular Indo-Aryan languages ​​and is the most widely spoken language in our country, especially in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan. According to the 2011 Census, 43.63% of people in India speak Hindi as their native language. According to Article 343 (1) of the Constitution, Hindi in the Devanagari text is the official language of the Union. There are certain languages, namely, Hindustani, Awadhi, Bagli, Bijjur, Magahi, Rajasthan, Braj Basha, Haryanvi, Bundeli, Kannauji, Nagpuri, and Chathatgargar, which are heavily influenced by Hindi. It is widely used as a language of instruction as well as a basic language, in many Indian countries. Hindi is the third most widely spoken language in the world (615 million indigenous Hindi speakers). Sanskrit is a major influence on the Hindi language and is named after the ‘deer’ (meaning Indus River Country).

Bengali: Bengali is the third most widely spoken language in India, and is widely spoken in the Tripura, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Barak Valley regions of Assam region and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands unions with over 205 million native speakers. A large number of Bengali-speaking people are also present in Maharashtra and Gujarat. Bengali is the seventh language spoken in the world. As of September 2011, it is also known as the second official language of the Indian state of Jharkhand. According to the 2011 Census, India had a population of about 107 million. Bengali is one of the most popular Indo-Aryan languages ​​and a small Indo-European family. The Arabic, Sanskrit, Persian and Austroasiatic languages ​​have a profound effect on Bengali. In commemoration of the Bengali Language Movement in 1952, UNESCO declared February 21 as International Mother Tongue Day in 1999.

Marathi language: Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra and one of the oldest Indo-Aryan languages. It is also one of India’s official languages ​​or official languages ​​and according to the 2011 census, there were 99 million native speakers of this language. It has the third largest number of native speakers in India as well as the official languages ​​of Goa and Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Marathi has a profound effect on languages ​​such as Dangi, Vadvali, Samavedi, Kandeshi, and Malvani Konkani. On the 27th of February every year in all the Indian provinces of Maharashtra and Goa, we celebrate Marathi Language Day. The language was also influenced by such foreign languages ​​as Persian, Arabic, and Austroasiatic, Dravidian.

Bodo Language: According to Census 2011, it is estimated that there are 1.5 million speakers, which is 0.12% of the population of India. It is one of the least spoken languages ​​in the eighth Schedule to the Constitution. It is mentioned in Assam, where the Bodo people make up about 5-6% of the population, and in West Bengal.

Boro is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken mainly by the Boro people of northeastern India namely Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Nepal, and Bengal. The official language of the autonomous region of Bodoland and the official language of Assam. It is also one of the 22 languages ​​listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. Since 1975 the language was written using the Devanagari text and was previously written using Bengali-Assamese and Latin texts. It owns a lost script now known as Deodhai.

Dogri Language: The Dogri language is derived from the Indo-Aryan group within Indo-European languages. Dogri is spoken by about 2.6 million people and is commonly spoken in Jammu and Kashmir in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. The official language of India was added to the 8th edition of the constitution in 2003. Dogri’s first written text is found in ‘Nuh sipihr’ by the poet Amir Khosrow in 1317 CE There are similarities between Dogri and Sanskrit and the development of Dogri from the Vedic period to its present form has been followed by changes in phonology. Dogri’s vocabulary is influenced mainly by Persian and English languages.

Kannada Language

Kannada language, also known as Kanarese or Kannana, is a Dravidian language spoken by minority languages ​​in the provinces of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Kerala and Goa. According to the 2011 Census, the language was spoken by almost 43 million native speakers and in 2008 the Indian government granted Kannada the dignity of the ancient language. In some of the major powers of Central and Central India, such as the Chalukya dynasty, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Vijayanagara Empire, and the Hoysala Empire, the Kannada language was used as a court language. The Kannada language is written using the Kannada text and this appears in the Kadamba text of the 5th century. There are many similarities between the Kannada and Tamil grammar.

Kashmiri language Kashmiri is a Dardic language, but it has become a major Indo-Aryan language, spoken by Kashmiri and Jamaic and Kashmir dialects and among the Kashmiri diaspora in other parts of India, it is also spoken in Pakistan, especially. in the Azad Kashmir region. According to the 2011 Census, the language had a population of about 6.8 million. By 2020, Kashmiri became the official language in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir for the first time, previously, Urdu being the only official Jammu and Kashmir official language since 1889.

There are about 6.8 million Kashmiri speakers and related vernacular languages ​​in Jammu and Kashmir and among the Kashmiri people scattered throughout the provinces of India. Many Kashmiri speakers are found in the Kashmir region and elsewhere in Jammu and Kashmir.  In the village of Kashmir, they formed a majority.

Kashmiri is also spoken in Pakistan, especially in the Azad Kashmir region, where speakers are concentrated in the villages of Neelam and Leepa and in the Haveli region. ] [(additional quotes) required  In the 2017 census in Pakistan, about 350,000 people have declared their first language as Kashmiri. ] Continuing in Azad Kashmir, in the last few decades due to the promotion of the Punjabi language and the changing demographics of the surrounding areas the Kashmiri language is limited to small local areas at present.

Kashmiri is one of the 22 official languages ​​of India. ] It was part of the eighth Schedule to the previous constitution of Jammu and Kashmir. Along with the other regional languages ​​mentioned in Schedule Six, as well as Hindi and Urdu, Kashmiri language was to be developed in the province.

Persian was first used as a court language in Kashmir during the 14th century, under the influence of Islam. It was replaced by Urdu in 1889 during the reign of Dogra. ] By 2020, Kashmiri became the official language of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir for the first time. [1

Most Kashmiri speakers use Urdu or English as a second language. [1] Since November 2008, the Kashmiri language has been compulsory in all public schools in the District up to the second level.

Kashmiri is closely related to Poguli and Kishtwari, which are spoken in the mountains south of the Kashmir valley and are sometimes considered the Kashmiri dialects.

Konkani language: Konkani is a language of Southern Indo-Aryan, spoken by the people of the Konkan region on the west coast of India, and these people are known as the Konkani people. It is one of the 22 official languages ​​of the Indian Constitution and the official language of the Indian state of Goa. A few people from Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu are also mentioned. According to the 2011 Census, the language was spoken by about 0.19 percent of Indians. The Konkani language is more common in Sanskrit compared to other modern Indo-Aryan languages. Linguists describe Konkani as a mixture of Prakrit varieties and according to them the first text known as Konkani dates back to 1187.

District Language: District is the Indo-Aryan language of the Indian subcontinent, spoken mainly in the Bihar and Jharkhand regions of India and Nepal. The name Maithili comes from the name Mithila, the ancient kingdom under which King Janaka ruled. Tirhuta was the main text of Maithili now written in these days, written in the Devanagari script. According to the 2011 Census, the language had a population of about 13.5 million.

In 2003, the District was included in the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution as a recognized Indian language and received second place in the official language of the Indian state of Jharkhand in 2018. District, Magadan, and Bhojpuri, are the three main languages. of Bihar region and widely spoken in Bihar and Jharkhand districts of Darbhanga, Khagaria, Purnia, Katihar, Kishanganj, Sheohar, Bhagalpur, Saharsa, Samastipur, Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Begusarai, Madhepura, Araria, Supaul, Vaa Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, and Deoghar.

Meitei (Manipuri): Manipuri language is also known as the Meetei or Meitei language and is the dominant language and lingua franca of Manipur, a northeastern region of India. In 1992, with the 71st amendment to the constitution, it became the first Tibeto-Burman language to be recognized as the official, or “organized,” language of the Indian Government. According to India’s 2011 census, there were 1.8 million native speakers of the Manipuri language. Further, it is also mentioned in the other northeastern provinces of India Assam and Tripura. Currently, the Manipuri language is classified as “endangered language” by UNESCO

Nepali language: Nepali is developed near a number of Indo-Aryan languages ​​and reflects Sanskrit influence. In 1992, with 71 amendments to the constitution, Nepali became the official, or “organized,” language of the Indian Government. According to many historical documents, the language is also known as Nepalese, Gourkhali, or Parativity. It is widely spoken in Nepal, Myanmar, and Bhutan. In India, Sikkim, and the Darjeeling region and Kalimpong in West Bengal, Nepali is one of the official languages. Apart from this, a large number of people also speak Nepali in Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Uttarakhand.

Odia: The Odia language was previously known as Oriya and is one of the most popular Indo-Aryan languages ​​spoken in the Indian state of Odisha (82% population), West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh. Odia is the official language of Odisha (formerly known as Orissa) and is Jharkhand’s second official language. According to the 2011 Indian population, there was a 3.5% Indian population, who could not speak Odia. On the basis of having a long history of literature, it is the sixth Indian language designated as a Class language. According to one historian, the earliest known ossuary of Odia vernacular dates back to the 10th century CE

Punjabi language: Punjabi is one of the most popular Indo-Aryan languages ​​spoken by the Punjabi people and is native to the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. According to the 2011 Indian Population, there were 3% of the Indian population, who could speak Punjabi and had a population of about 113 million indigenous peoples worldwide. It is also spoken in various parts of Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom.

At the regional level, Punjabi is the only official language of Punjab, while it is the second official language of Haryana and Delhi. It is considered an additional official language in West Bengal in 2012.

Sanskrit language: Sanskrit is the oldest known language of the Indo-Aryan branch, among Indo-European languages. Sanskrit is the sacred language of the Hindu religion. It is the language of ancient Hindu philosophy and some of the historical texts of Jainism and Buddhism. This language is widely spoken in South Asia. According to the 2011 Indian population, there were 0.3% of the Indian population, who could not speak Sanskrit. The famous Kalidasa was a Classical Sanskrit writer and is regarded as a great Indian playwright and actor of ancient India. The two largest epic Sanskrit are Mahabharata and Ramayana.

Santant Language: This language, also known as Santant, is the most widely spoken language among the small Indian family of Austroasiatic languages ​​spoken mainly in the Indian regions of Mizoram, Odisha, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Tripura, and the West. Bengal. In 2004, with 92 amendments to the constitution, Santhali became the official, or “organized,” language of the Indian Government. According to the 2019 Ethnologue (language index published by SIL International), it is spoken by about 7 million people. Santali’s top speakers are from East Singhbhum and Serera Kharsawan provinces in Jharkhand, Jhargram, Bankura, and Purulia provinces in West Bengal and Mayurbhanj in the Odisha region.

Sindhi Language: The word ‘Sindhi’ is derived from the word ‘Sindhu’, the original name of the Indus River and is one of the Indo-Aryan languages ​​of the historic Sindh region, spoken mainly by the Sindhi people and located in the western part of the Indian subcontinent. By 1967, with the 21st amendment to the constitution, Sindhi became the official, or “organized,” language of the Indian Government, although Sindhi is not the official language of any of the Indian subcontinent. According to India’s 2011 census, there were 1.68 million native speakers of Sindhi language.


Bihari language

Bihari is a group of Indo-Aryan languages.  Bihari languages ​​are widely spoken in the Indian subcontinent in Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh as well as in Nepal. The most widely spoken languages ​​of the Bihari group are Bhojpuri, Magi, and District.

With the exception of a large number of speakers of these languages, only the Territories recognized in India have won constitutional amendments through amendments to 92 of the Indian Constitution, 2003 (which was approved in 2004). Both Maithili and Bhojpuri can be constitutionally recognized in Nepal.

In Bihar, Hindi is the language used in educational and official matters. These languages ​​were officially adopted under the full Hindi label in the 1961 Census. Such state and national politics create language-threatening situations. [After independence Hindi was granted official status only by the Bihar Official Language Act, 1950. ] Hindi was abolished as the only official language of Bihar in 1981, when Urdu was granted the status of a second official language.



Indian English

Indian English (IE) is a multilingual English-language class, and among the Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. [4] English is used by the Indian government in communicating with Hindi, as stipulated in the Constitution. [5] English is the official language of the 7 regions and 5 territories of the Union and is an additional official language of the 7 regions and one Union Area. English is the only official language of the Judiciary of India, unless the ruler of the country or the legislature authorizes the use of the vernacular, or the president has authorized the use of vernacular in the courts.


After gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, English remained the official language of the new Dominion of India and later of the Republic of India. Only a few hundred thousand Indians, or less than 0.1% of the total population, speak English as their first language. [7] [8] [9] [10]

According to the 2001 Census, 12.18% of Indians knew English at that time. Of those, some 200,000 reported their first language, 86 million reported their second language, and 39 million reported their third language.

According to the 2005 India Human Development Survey,  of the 41,554 surveyed, families reported that 72% of men (29,918) did not speak English, 28% of them (11,635) spoke at least English, and 5% of them ( 2,077). , about 17.9% of those who spoke at least some English) spoke fluent English. Of the women, 83% (34,489) did not know English, 17% (7,064) spoke at least some English, and 3% (1,246, approximately 17.6% of those who spoke at least some English) spoke English fluently.  According to the District Information System for Education (DISE) figures of the National University of Educational Planning and Administration under the Department of Human Resource Development, Government of India, enrollment in English schools increased by 50% between 2008-09 and 2013–14. The number of students at English schools in India increased from more than 15 million in 2008–09 to 29 million in 2013–14.


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